About the Authors

Christian Timmann

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: timmann@bni-hamburg.de

Affiliations Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany , Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, University at Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Jennifer A Evans

Affiliations Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany , Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Inke R König

Affiliation Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, University at Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

André Kleensang

Affiliation Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, University at Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Franz Rüschendorf

Affiliation Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany

Julia Lenzen

Affiliation Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Jürgen Sievertsen

Affiliation Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Christian Becker

Affiliations Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany , Cologne Center for Genomics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Yeetey Enuameh

Affiliation Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Kingsley Osei Kwakye

Affiliation Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Ernest Opoku

Affiliation Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, Kumasi, Ghana

Edmund N. L Browne

Affiliation Department of Community Health, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Andreas Ziegler

Affiliation Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Lübeck, University at Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany

Peter Nürnberg

Affiliations Max Delbrück Centre for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany , Cologne Center for Genomics, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany

Rolf D Horstmann

Affiliation Department of Molecular Medicine, Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

CT and RDH designed the study. CT, IRK, AK, FR, and JL analyzed the data. JAE and ENLB organized and supervised the phenotyping. JL, YE, KOK, and EO performed the phenotyping. PN supervised the genotyping. FR, JS, and CB performed the genotyping. IRK and AZ designed and supervised the data analysis. CT, AZ, and RDH wrote the paper.