About the Authors

Helga Gressmann

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Berlin, Germany

Bodo Linz

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Berlin, Germany

Rohit Ghai

Affiliation Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany

Klaus-Peter Pleissner

Affiliation Core Facility Bioinformatics, Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Berlin, Germany

Ralph Schlapbach

Affiliation Functional Genomics Center Zurich, ETH Zurich/University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Yoshio Yamaoka

Affiliation Department of Medicine, M.E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Christian Kraft

Affiliation Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Hannover, Germany

Sebastian Suerbaum

Affiliation Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene, Hannover, Germany

Thomas F Meyer

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Berlin, Germany

Mark Achtman

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: achtman@mpiib-berlin.mpg.de

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Berlin, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SS, TFM, and MA conceived and designed the experiments. HG performed the experiments. HG, BL, KPP, and RS analyzed the data. RG, YY, and CK contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. MA wrote the paper.