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From the Phenomenology to the Mechanisms of Consciousness: Integrated Information Theory 3.0

Figure 5

A mechanism generates information only if it has both selective causes and selective effects within the system.

(A) Element A receives input from the system and specifies a selective cause repertoire. However, since it has no outputs to the system it does not specify a selective effect repertoire. (B) Element A receives no input from the system and therefore it does not specify a selective cause repertoire. In both cases the cause-effect information cei generated by mechanism A is zero (the minimum between cause and effect information).

Figure 5

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003588.g005