Computing with Neural Synchrony
A, Neurons A and B receive the same stimulus-driven input, neuron C receives a different one. The stimuli are identical in all trials but all neurons receive a shared input that varies between trials. Each neuron also has a private source of noise. B, Responses of neurons A (black), B (red) and C (blue) in 25 trials, with a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 10 dB (shared vs. private). C, The shuffled autocorrelogram of neuron A indicates that spike trains are not reproducible at a fine timescale. D, Nevertheless, the average cross-correlogram between A and B shows synchrony at a millisecond timescale, which does not appear between A and C. E, Same as D with SNR = 5 dB (note the different vertical scale). F, Same as D with SNR = 15 dB.