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Towards a Mathematical Theory of Cortical Micro-circuits

Figure 11

Top-down segmentation.

Figures A and B show the effect of top-down propagation in HTM networks. The top half of each figure shows the original image submitted to the HTM, along with blue bars illustrating the recognition scores on the top five of the eight categories on which the network was trained. The bottom-left panel in each figure shows the input image after Gabor filtering. The bottom-right panel in each figure shows the image obtained after the feedback propagation of the winning category at the top of the HTM network. In these Gabor-space images, the colors illustrate different orientations, but the details of the color map are not pertinent. A). The input image has a car superposed on background clutter. The network recognizes the car. Top-down propagation segments out the car's contours from that of the background. B). The input image contains multiple objects superposed on a cluttered background and with some foreground occlusions. The network recognition result identifies teddy bear as the top category. Feedback propagation of this winning category correctly isolates the contours corresponding to the teddy bear.

Figure 11

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000532.g011