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Plant Classification from Bat-Like Echolocation Signals

Figure 1

Decision echo analysis for the classification task of spruce vs. the rest.

(A) Average spectrogram of the raw data of spruce. (B) Average spectrogram of the raw data of all the plants except spruce (i.e. the rest). The color bars for both (A) and (B) are in dB. (C) The difference of the preprocessed spectrograms of spruce and the rest. (D) The normal vector (decision echo) to the separating hyperplane calculated for this classification task. In both (C) and (D) black represents negative values, white represents positive ones, and gray is zero.

Figure 1

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000032.g001