About the Authors

Danielle E. Chandler, Klaus Schulten
Department of Physics and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

François Penin
Bases Moléculaires et Structurales des Systèmes Infectieux, IBCP, Université Lyon 1, Univ Lyon, France; CNRS, UMR 5086, Lyon, France

Christophe Chipot
Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Christophe Chipot
Équipe de Dynamique des Assemblages Membranaires UMR 7565, Université de Lorraine, Vanduvre-lès-Nancy, France

Corresponding Author

chipot@ks.uiuc.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DEC FP CC. Performed the experiments: DEC CC. Analyzed the data: DEC FP KS CC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DEC FP KS CC. Wrote the paper: DEC FP KS CC.