About the Authors

David Ruau

druau@stanford.edu

Affiliations Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Division of System Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Joel T. Dudley

Affiliation Division of System Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Rong Chen

Address Current address: Personalis, Inc., Palo Alto, California, United States of America.

Affiliation Division of System Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Nicholas G. Phillips

Affiliation Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Gary E. Swan

Affiliation Center for Health Sciences, SRI International, Menlo Park, California, United States of America

Laura C. Lazzeroni

Affiliation Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

J. David Clark

Affiliations Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Anesthesia and Pain Management, Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, California, United States of America

Atul J. Butte

Contributed equally to this work with: Atul J. Butte, Martin S. Angst

Affiliation Division of System Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Martin S. Angst

Contributed equally to this work with: Atul J. Butte, Martin S. Angst

Affiliation Department of Anesthesia, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DR LCL JDC AJB MSA. Performed the experiments: DR JTD RC NGP. Analyzed the data: DR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GES. Wrote the paper: DR AJB MSA.