About the Authors

James P. Crutchfield
Complexity Sciences Center, Physics Department, University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America

Sean Whalen
Computer Science Department, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Corresponding Author

chaos@ucdavis.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JPC SW. Performed the experiments: JPC SW. Analyzed the data: JPC SW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JPC SW. Wrote the paper: JPC SW.