About the Authors

Ariel D. Weinberger
Biophysics Graduate Group, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Ariel D. Weinberger, Michael S. Gilmore
Departments of Ophthalmology and Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Christine L. Sun
Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Mateusz M. Pluciński, Vincent J. Denef, Brian C. Thomas, Wayne M. Getz, Jillian F. Banfield
Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Mateusz M. Pluciński
Division of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Philippe Horvath
DuPont Nutrition and Health, Dange-Saint-Romain, France

Rodolphe Barrangou
DuPont Nutrition and Health, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Michael S. Gilmore
Microbial Sciences Initiative, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jillian F. Banfield
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ADW WMG JFB. Performed the experiments: ADW CLS MMP. Analyzed the data: ADW CLS MMP VJD BCT JFB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ADW PH RB MSG JFB. Wrote the paper: ADW MSG. Contributed to writing the manuscript: CLS MMP VJD BCT PH RB WMG JFB.