About the Authors

Ying-Ying Jiang

Contributed equally to this work with: Ying-Ying Jiang, De-Xin Kong

Address Current address: Biochemical Engineering Institute, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, Germany

Affiliations National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China, Center for Bioinformatics, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

De-Xin Kong

Contributed equally to this work with: Ying-Ying Jiang, De-Xin Kong

Affiliations Center for Bioinformatics, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China, State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

Tao Qin

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, China

Xiao Li

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, China

Gustavo Caetano-Anollés

Affiliation Evolutionary Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Hong-Yu Zhang

zhy630@mail.hzau.edu.cn

Affiliations National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China, Center for Bioinformatics, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HYZ. Performed the experiments: YYJ DXK TQ XL. Analyzed the data: HYZ YYJ DXK TQ XL GCA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YYJ DXK TQ XL. Wrote the paper: HYZ GCA.