About the Authors

Ismail Adeniran, Henggui Zhang
Biological Physics Group, School of Physics & Astronomy, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Mark J. McPate, Harry J. Witchel, Jules C. Hancox
Department of Physiology and Cardiovascular Research Laboratories, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol, United Kingdom

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HZ JCH. Performed the experiments: IA. Analyzed the data: IA HZ JCH. Wrote the paper: IA HZ JCH. In vitro hERG data used to validate WT and mutant IKr formulations: MJM HJW.