About the Authors

Alexis P. Yelton

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Brian C. Thomas

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Sheri L. Simmons

Address Current address: Josephine Bay Paul Center for Molecular Biology and Evolution, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Affiliation Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Paul Wilmes

Address Current address: Department of Environment and Agro-Biotechnologies, Centre de Recherche Public – Gabriel Lippmann, Belvaux, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.

Affiliation Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Adam Zemla

Affiliation Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States of America

Michael P. Thelen

Affiliation Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States of America

Nicholas Justice

Affiliation Department of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Jillian F. Banfield

jbanfield@berkeley.edu

Affiliations Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: APY JFB. Performed the experiments: APY BCT SLS PW AZ MPT NJ. Analyzed the data: APY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BCT. Wrote the paper: APY BCT JFB.