About the Authors

Yuichi Togashi

togashi@cmc.osaka-u.ac.jp

Address Current address: Applied Information Systems Division, Cybermedia Center, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan

Affiliation Nanobiology Laboratories, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Toshio Yanagida

Affiliation Nanobiology Laboratories, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Alexander S. Mikhailov

Affiliation Department of Physical Chemistry, Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YT ASM. Performed the experiments: YT. Analyzed the data: YT ASM. Wrote the paper: YT TY ASM.