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Table of Contents: January 2016

Richard Wallbank, Simon Baxter, Chris Jiggins and colleagues show that novel butterfly wing patterns have arisen via the sharing of gene regulatory elements between butterfly lineages through introgression and recombination; new combinations of regulatory elements offer a rapid route to the evolution of new patterns. The image shows Heliconius timareta florencia collected from the Florencia region of Colombia and raised in an insectary in La Vega, Colombia. In any one locality up to 11 species of heliconiine butterflies join the "dennis-ray" mimicry ring in the Amazonian forest. This pattern (a red patch on the forewing and red rays on the hindwing) is an evolutionary novelty that has arisen through introgression from H. melpomene. Heliconius butterflies often mate for several hours and the males transfer a large and nutritious spermatophore to the female.

Image Credit: Chris D Jiggins

Essay

Forecasting Ecological Genomics: High-Tech Animal Instrumentation Meets High-Throughput Sequencing

Aaron B. A. Shafer, Joseph M. Northrup, Martin Wikelski, George Wittemyer, Jochen B. W. Wolf

Community Pages

Microscopy Image Browser: A Platform for Segmentation and Analysis of Multidimensional Datasets

Ilya Belevich, Merja Joensuu, Darshan Kumar, Helena Vihinen, Eija Jokitalo

The iPlant Collaborative: Cyberinfrastructure for Enabling Data to Discovery for the Life Sciences

Nirav Merchant, Eric Lyons, Stephen Goff, Matthew Vaughn, Doreen Ware, David Micklos, Parker Antin

Research Articles

Standardized Assessment of Biodiversity Trends in Tropical Forest Protected Areas: The End Is Not in Sight

Lydia Beaudrot, Jorge A. Ahumada, Timothy O'Brien, Patricia Alvarez-Loayza, Kelly Boekee, Ahimsa Campos-Arceiz, David Eichberg, Santiago Espinosa, Eric Fegraus, Christine Fletcher, Krisna Gajapersad, Chris Hallam, Johanna Hurtado, Patrick A. Jansen, Amit Kumar, Eileen Larney, Marcela Guimarães Moreira Lima, Colin Mahony, Emanuel H. Martin, Alex McWilliam, Badru Mugerwa, Mireille Ndoundou-Hockemba, Jean Claude Razafimahaimodison, Hugo Romero-Saltos, Francesco Rovero, Julia Salvador, Fernanda Santos, Douglas Sheil, Wilson R. Spironello, Michael R. Willig, Nurul L. Winarni, Alex Zvoleff, Sandy J. Andelman

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Near-Stasis in the Long-Term Diversification of Mesozoic Tetrapods

Roger B. J. Benson, Richard J. Butler, John Alroy, Philip D. Mannion, Matthew T. Carrano, Graeme T. Lloyd

A Latex Metabolite Benefits Plant Fitness under Root Herbivore Attack

Meret Huber, Janina Epping, Christian Schulze Gronover, Julia Fricke, Zohra Aziz, Théo Brillatz, Michael Swyers, Tobias G. Köllner, Heiko Vogel, Almuth Hammerbacher, Daniella Triebwasser-Freese, Christelle A. M. Robert, Koen Verhoeven, Veronica Preite, Jonathan Gershenzon, Matthias Erb

Evolutionary Novelty in a Butterfly Wing Pattern through Enhancer Shuffling

Richard W. R. Wallbank, Simon W. Baxter, Carolina Pardo-Diaz, Joseph J. Hanly, Simon H. Martin, James Mallet, Kanchon K. Dasmahapatra, Camilo Salazar, Mathieu Joron, Nicola Nadeau, W. Owen McMillan, Chris D. Jiggins

Interpreting the Dependence of Mutation Rates on Age and Time

Ziyue Gao, Minyoung J. Wyman, Guy Sella, Molly Przeworski

Nociceptive Local Field Potentials Recorded from the Human Insula Are Not Specific for Nociception

Giulia Liberati, Anne Klöcker, Marta M. Safronova, Susana Ferrão Santos, Jose-Geraldo Ribeiro Vaz, Christian Raftopoulos, André Mouraux

Neuropeptide-Driven Cross-Modal Plasticity following Sensory Loss in Caenorhabditis elegans

Ithai Rabinowitch, Patrick Laurent, Buyun Zhao, Denise Walker, Isabel Beets, Liliane Schoofs, Jihong Bai, William R. Schafer, Millet Treinin

A Novel Platform for the Potentiation of Therapeutic Antibodies Based on Antigen-Dependent Formation of IgG Hexamers at the Cell Surface

Rob N. de Jong, Frank J. Beurskens, Sandra Verploegen, Kristin Strumane, Muriel D. van Kampen, Marleen Voorhorst, Wendy Horstman, Patrick J. Engelberts, Simone C. Oostindie, Guanbo Wang, Albert J. R. Heck, Janine Schuurman, Paul W. H. I. Parren

Microbial Hub Taxa Link Host and Abiotic Factors to Plant Microbiome Variation

Matthew T. Agler, Jonas Ruhe, Samuel Kroll, Constanze Morhenn, Sang-Tae Kim, Detlef Weigel, Eric M. Kemen

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High-Throughput Genetic Screens Identify a Large and Diverse Collection of New Sporulation Genes in Bacillus subtilis

Alexander J. Meeske, Christopher D. A. Rodrigues, Jacqueline Brady, Hoong Chuin Lim, Thomas G. Bernhardt, David Z. Rudner

Wuho Is a New Member in Maintaining Genome Stability through its Interaction with Flap Endonuclease 1

I-Cheng Cheng, Betty Chamay Chen, Hung-Hsun Shuai, Fan-Ching Chien, Peilin Chen, Tao-shih Hsieh

FIH Regulates Cellular Metabolism through Hydroxylation of the Deubiquitinase OTUB1

Carsten C. Scholz, Javier Rodriguez, Christina Pickel, Stephen Burr, Jacqueline-alba Fabrizio, Karen A. Nolan, Patrick Spielmann, Miguel A. S. Cavadas, Bianca Crifo, Doug N. Halligan, James A. Nathan, Daniel J. Peet, Roland H. Wenger, Alex Von Kriegsheim, Eoin P. Cummins, Cormac T. Taylor

Molecular Basis of Orb2 Amyloidogenesis and Blockade of Memory Consolidation

Rubén Hervás, Liying Li, Amitabha Majumdar, María del Carmen Fernández-Ramírez, Jay R. Unruh, Brian D. Slaughter, Albert Galera-Prat, Elena Santana, Mari Suzuki, Yoshitaka Nagai, Marta Bruix, Sergio Casas-Tintó, Margarita Menéndez, Douglas V. Laurents, Kausik Si, Mariano Carrión-Vázquez

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Dissecting the Molecular Mechanism of Nucleotide-Dependent Activation of the KtrAB K+ Transporter

Andras Szollosi, Ricardo S. Vieira-Pires, Celso M. Teixeira-Duarte, Rita Rocha, João H. Morais-Cabral