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Table of Contents: June 2011

Coccolithophores such as Emiliania huxleyi shown here are single-celled marine phytoplankton that produce calcium carbonate scales (coccoliths). They occur in all of the world’s oceans and together represent the largest source of biogenic calcium carbonate on Earth, contributing significantly to the global carbon cycle. Coccoliths, which are produced inside the cells, are secreted to the cell surface. The discovery of proton channels in the coccolithophore cell membrane provides new insight into how they cope with excess protons generated during calcification and will inform future studies of how these important organisms will respond to ocean acidification (see Taylor et al., e1001085).

Image Credit: Alison R. Taylor (University of North Carolina Wilmington Microscopy Facility)

Unsolved Mysteries

Why Are Autism Spectrum Conditions More Prevalent in Males?

Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael V. Lombardo, Bonnie Auyeung, Emma Ashwin, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Rebecca Knickmeyer

Historical and Philosophical Perspectives

Book Reviews/Science in the Media

What Is the Brain Basis of Intelligence?

Charles F. Stevens

Community Pages

The Genomic Standards Consortium

Dawn Field, Linda Amaral-Zettler, Guy Cochrane, James R. Cole, Peter Dawyndt, George M. Garrity, Jack Gilbert, Frank Oliver Glöckner, Lynette Hirschman, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, Hans-Peter Klenk, Rob Knight, Renzo Kottmann, Nikos Kyrpides, Folker Meyer, Inigo San Gil, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Lynn M. Schriml, Peter Sterk, Tatiana Tatusova, David W. Ussery, Owen White, John Wooley

Research Articles

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The Neural Basis of Following Advice

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Association of Lipidome Remodeling in the Adipocyte Membrane with Acquired Obesity in Humans

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