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Table of Contents: January 2017

A new wave of wearable sensors allows frequent and continuous measurements of body functions (physiology), including heart rate, skin temperature, blood oxygen levels, and physical activity. This study by Li et al investigated the ability of wearable sensors to follow physiological changes that occur over the course of a day, during illness and other activities. The results indicate that the information provided by wearable sensors is physiologically meaningful and actionable, and the authors propose that wearable sensors are likely to play an increasingly important role in managing health. The image shows a digital human with a smartphone collecting physiological data from a wearable device.

Image Credit: Xiao Li and Charles Abbott III

Unsolved Mystery

Where Have All the Giants Gone? How Animals Deal with the Problem of Size

Taylor J. M. Dick, Christofer J. Clemente

Perspective

The Sharing Experimental Animal Resources, Coordinating Holdings (SEARCH) Framework: Encouraging Reduction, Replacement, and Refinement in Animal Research

Bethny Morrissey, Karen Blyth, Phil Carter, Claude Chelala, Louise Jones, Ingunn Holen, Valerie Speirs

Community Page

A Webcast of Bird Nesting as a State-of-the-Art Citizen Science

Markéta Zárybnická, Petr Sklenicka, Piotr Tryjanowski

Research Articles

Marine Reserve Targets to Sustain and Rebuild Unregulated Fisheries

Nils C. Krueck, Gabby N. Ahmadia, Hugh P. Possingham, Cynthia Riginos, Eric A. Treml, Peter J. Mumby

The Global Distribution and Drivers of Alien Bird Species Richness

Ellie E. Dyer, Phillip Cassey, David W. Redding, Ben Collen, Victoria Franks, Kevin J. Gaston, Kate E. Jones, Salit Kark, C. David L. Orme, Tim M. Blackburn

Digital Health: Tracking Physiomes and Activity Using Wearable Biosensors Reveals Useful Health-Related Information

Xiao Li, Jessilyn Dunn, Denis Salins, Gao Zhou, Wenyu Zhou, Sophia Miryam Schüssler-Fiorenza Rose, Dalia Perelman, Elizabeth Colbert, Ryan Runge, Shannon Rego, Ria Sonecha, Somalee Datta, Tracey McLaughlin, Michael P. Snyder

Brain–Computer Interface–Based Communication in the Completely Locked-In State

Ujwal Chaudhary, Bin Xia, Stefano Silvoni, Leonardo G. Cohen, Niels Birbaumer

The Neural Representation of Prospective Choice during Spatial Planning and Decisions

Raphael Kaplan, John King, Raphael Koster, William D. Penny, Neil Burgess, Karl J. Friston

The Yin and Yang of Memory Consolidation: Hippocampal and Neocortical

Lisa Genzel, Janine I. Rossato, Justin Jacobse, Roddy M. Grieves, Patrick A. Spooner, Francesco P. Battaglia, Guillen Fernández, Richard G. M. Morris

Lung Basal Stem Cells Rapidly Repair DNA Damage Using the Error-Prone Nonhomologous End-Joining Pathway

Clare E. Weeden, Yunshun Chen, Stephen B. Ma, Yifang Hu, Georg Ramm, Kate D. Sutherland, Gordon K. Smyth, Marie-Liesse Asselin-Labat

Proteolytic Origin of the Soluble Human IL-6R In Vivo and a Decisive Role of N-Glycosylation

Steffen Riethmueller, Prasath Somasundaram, Johanna C. Ehlers, Chien-Wen Hung, Charlotte M. Flynn, Juliane Lokau, Maria Agthe, Stefan Düsterhöft, Yijue Zhu, Joachim Grötzinger, Inken Lorenzen, Tomas Koudelka, Kosuke Yamamoto, Ute Pickhinke, Rielana Wichert, Christoph Becker-Pauly, Marisa Rädisch, Alexander Albrecht, Markus Hessefort, Dominik Stahnke, Carlo Unverzagt, Stefan Rose-John, Andreas Tholey, Christoph Garbers

The Nuclear Receptor HIZR-1 Uses Zinc as a Ligand to Mediate Homeostasis in Response to High Zinc

Kurt Warnhoff, Hyun C. Roh, Zuzana Kocsisova, Chieh-Hsiang Tan, Andrew Morrison, Damari Croswell, Daniel L. Schneider, Kerry Kornfeld