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Family living sets the stage for cooperative breeding and ecological resilience in birds

Fig 5

Global abundance of non-family-living, family-living, and cooperative breeding species in birds (number of species per 0.5° x 0.5°) and global patterns of the 3 most influential ecoclimatic parameters (duration of the mean growing season [MGS]; included in PC2), annual variance in precipitation (square-root transformed; included in PC1), and within-year variance in net primary productivity (NPP; included in PC3).

Figures were plotted using the letsR package [34]. Abbreviations: sqrt, square-root transformed.

Fig 5