Different Levels of Catabolite Repression Optimize Growth in Stable and Variable Environments
Shown are modeled growth characteristics and experimental results of a head-to-head competition between Isolate 1, a strain with reduced catabolite repression, short lag phases, and slow rates of growth in glucose, and Isolate 6, a strain with stringent catabolite repression, long and heterogeneous lag phases but high growth rates in glucose, under varying regimes of glucose-to-maltose shifts. (A) Modeled fitness landscape predicting the relative abundance of short-lagged Isolate 1 relative to the long-lagged parental strain. The model uses experimentally determined lag phase distributions and adapted growth rates for each strain in maltose or glucose (see main text and Materials and Methods for details). (B) Heat map (same color scale as in A) of experiments where the two isolates were competed for different lengths of time in maltose and glucose (12 different regimes, with each 5–6 repetitions). The strains were grown for 20 h in glucose before being transferred to maltose for 1 h, and then mixed together to begin the competition experiment. (C) The cultures represented by the points in panel (B) corresponding to 4 h∶20 h, 8 h∶16 h, and 12 h∶12 h maltose-to-glucose cycles were repeatedly subjected to the same regime of maltose-to-glucose changes to track relative abundance of the competing clones over time. Dots represent experimental observations, and lines represent modeled growth characteristics of these strains.