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The Mismeasure of Science: Stephen Jay Gould versus Samuel George Morton on Skulls and Bias

Figure 2

Skull illustrated in Samuel George Morton's Crania Americana [8].

The 78 lithographs in Crania Americana set new standards for accuracy in anatomical illustration, as they were drawn carefully to scale and rechecked for accuracy multiple times, chiefly by John Collins [12],[13]. Indeed, the quality of the illustrations in this volume exceeds that of many modern publications. The remaining specimens in the Morton Collection are currently curated at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Figure 2

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1001071.g002