< Back to Article

Forest Elephant Crisis in the Congo Basin

Figure 6

Estimated Conditional Dependence of Elephant Dung-Pile Numbers on Distance from Road (in Kilometres) and Distance to the Nearest Protected Area Boundary (in Kilometres)

(A) shows the effect of distance from the road, and (B) shows the effect of distance to the nearest boundary of the protected area. Negative distances indicate locations inside protected areas. Estimates (solid lines) and confidence intervals (dashed lines), with a rug plot indicating observation density along the bottom of the plot, are shown. To avoid over-fitting, the degrees of freedom for this model were restricted to 3 for both covariates.

Figure 6