About the Authors

Elizabeth G. Pringle, Erol Akçay, Rodolfo Dirzo, Deborah M. Gordon
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Elizabeth G. Pringle
Michigan Society of Fellows, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Elizabeth G. Pringle
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Elizabeth G. Pringle
School of Natural Resources and Environment, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Erol Akçay
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America

Erol Akçay
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Ted K. Raab
Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

epringle@umich.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: EGP EA RD DMG. Performed the experiments: EGP. Analyzed the data: EGP TKR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TKR RD DMG. Wrote the paper: EGP EA RD DMG. Wrote the mathematical model: EA.