About the Authors

Miaoqing Fang
Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Miaoqing Fang, Alexander van Oudenaarden
Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Huangming Xie, Stephanie K. Dougan, Hidde Ploegh
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Hidde Ploegh, Alexander van Oudenaarden
Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Alexander van Oudenaarden
Hubrecht Institute, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

a.vanoudenaarden@hubrecht.eu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: MF AvO. Performed the experiments: MF. Analyzed the data: MF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HX SKD HP. Wrote the paper: MF AvO.