About the Authors

Jennifer A. Dunne
Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States of America

Jennifer A. Dunne, Neo D. Martinez
Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Kevin D. Lafferty
Western Ecological Research Center, United States Geological Survey, c/o Marine Science Institute, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

Andrew P. Dobson
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Ryan F. Hechinger, Armand M. Kuris, John P. McLaughlin
Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America

Kim N. Mouritsen
Department of Biological Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark

Robert Poulin
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Karsten Reise
Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, List, Germany

Daniel B. Stouffer
Integrative Ecology Group, Estación Biológica de Doñana, Sevilla, Spain

David W. Thieltges
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Den Burg, The Netherlands

Richard J. Williams
Microsoft Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Claus Dieter Zander
Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Any use of trade, product or firm names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the US government.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: JAD KDL NDM. Performed the experiments: JAD DBS RJW. Analyzed the data: JAD DBS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JAD DBS RJW. Wrote the paper: JAD KDL APD RFH NDM DBS DWT. Compiled data: KDL RFH AMK JPM KNM RP KR DWT CDZ.