About the Authors

Dana M. Hawley

hawleyd@vt.edu

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Erik E. Osnas

Address Current address: Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, United States Geological Survey, Laurel, Maryland, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Andrew P. Dobson

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Wesley M. Hochachka

Affiliation Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

David H. Ley

Affiliation Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

André A. Dhondt

Affiliation Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: DMH EEO APD WMH DHL AAD. Performed the experiments: DMH. Analyzed the data: DMH EEO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DMH DHL AAD. Wrote the paper: DMH EEO APD WMH DHL AAD.