About the Authors

Xiaochun Ni

Current address: Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliations Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Yong E. Zhang

Current address: Key Laboratory of the Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Nicolas Nègre

Current address: Diversité, Génomes & Interactions Microorganismes-Insectes, INRA UMR1333-UMII, Université Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Affiliations Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Sidi Chen

Current address: Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research and Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Manyuan Long

Affiliations Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Kevin P. White

kpwhite@uchicago.edu

Affiliations Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Human Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: KPW XN NN. Performed the experiments: XN. Analyzed the data: XN YEZ KPW NN SC ML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XN YEZ KPW. Wrote the paper: XN KPW.