About the Authors

Mathieu Lihoreau

Contributed equally to this work with: Mathieu Lihoreau, Nigel E. Raine

Address Current address: School of Biological Sciences and the Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Affiliation Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

Nigel E. Raine

Contributed equally to this work with: Mathieu Lihoreau, Nigel E. Raine

Address Current address: School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, United Kingdom.

Affiliation Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

Andrew M. Reynolds

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Ralph J. Stelzer

Affiliation Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

Ka S. Lim

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Alan D. Smith

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Juliet L. Osborne

Address Current address: Environment & Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Cornwall Campus, Penryn, Cornwall, United Kingdom.

Affiliation Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Lars Chittka

l.chittka@qmul.ac.uk

Affiliation Biological and Experimental Psychology Group, School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: ML NER LC. Performed the experiments: ML NER RJS ADS. Analyzed the data: ML RJS AMR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AMR KSL ADS JLO. Wrote the paper: ML NER AMR ADS JLO LC.