About the Authors

Martin L. Duennwald

Affiliation Boston Biomedical Research Institute, Watertown, Massachusetts, United States of America

AnaLisa Echeverria

Affiliation Boston Biomedical Research Institute, Watertown, Massachusetts, United States of America

James Shorter

jshorter@mail.med.upenn.edu

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MLD JS. Performed the experiments: MLD AE JS. Analyzed the data: MLD AE JS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MLD AE JS. Wrote the paper: JS.