About the Authors

Mingwei Zhao

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jiangwen Zhang

Contributed equally to this work with: Jiangwen Zhang, Hemali Phatnani

Affiliation FAS Research Computing, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Hemali Phatnani

Contributed equally to this work with: Jiangwen Zhang, Hemali Phatnani

Affiliation Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, New York, New York, United States of America

Stefanie Scheu

Affiliation Institute of Medical Microbiology and Hospital Hygiene, Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany

Tom Maniatis

tm2472@mail.cumc.columbia.edu

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: MZ HP TM. Performed the experiments: MZ. Analyzed the data: MZ JZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SS. Wrote the paper: MZ HP TM.