About the Authors

Alex D. Rogers, Philipp H. Boersch-Supan, Christopher N. Roterman
Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Paul A. Tyler, Jon T. Copley, Rachel A. Mills, Alfredo Naveira Garabato, Alfred Aquilina, Robert J. J. Dinley, Jeffrey A. Hawkes, Laura Hepburn, Leigh Marsh, Christopher N. Roterman, Sven Thatje
Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Douglas P. Connelly, Rachael James, Belinda J. Alker, Sarah A. Bennett, Darryl R. H. Green, Jeffrey A. Hawkes, Veerle A. I. Huvenne
Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Robert D. Larter, Katrin Linse, David A. Pearce, Andrew Clarke, Alastair G. C. Graham, Katrin Zwirglmaier
British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Richard D. Pancost
School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

Nicholas V. C. Polunin, William D. K. Reid, Christopher J. Sweeting
School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Christopher R. German, Timothy Shank
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Philipp H. Boersch-Supan
Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom

Ana Hilario
Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Departmento Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal

Eva Ramirez-Llodra
Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain

Corresponding Author

alex.rogers@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: NERC consortium PI(PAT); (NERC consortium CoPIs (ADR, JTC, DPC, ANG, RJ, KL, RDL, RAM, RDP, NVCP); JCR224 and JC42 cruise PSOs (RDL, ADR); JCR224 participants (SAB, DPC, JTC, AGCG, AH, ADR, ER-L, PAT); JC42 participants (BA, AA, AC, DPC, JTC, RJJD, AGCG, DG, CRG, JH, LH, VAIH, RJ, KL, LM, WDKR, CNR, CJS, ST, KZ); multivariate analyses PHBS; DAP. Performed the experiments: NERC consortium PI(PAT); (NERC consortium CoPIs (ADR, JTC, DPC, ANG, RJ, KL, RDL, RAM, RDP, NVCP); JCR224 and JC42 cruise PSOs (RDL, ADR); JCR224 participants (SAB, DPC, JTC, AGCG, AH, ADR, ER-L, PAT); JC42 participants (BA, AA, AC, DPC, JTC, RJJD, AGCG, DG, CRG, JH, LH, VAIH, RJ, KL, LM, WDKR, CNR, CJS, ST, KZ); DAP. Analyzed the data: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, CNR, DRHG, PHBS, BA, CRG, KZ, TS, DAP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, CNR, DRHG, BA, CRG, TS, RAM, RJ, VAIH, AGCG, LM. Wrote the paper: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, TS, PHBS. Prepared the figures: VAIH, AGCG, LM, ADR, PHBS, PAT.