About the Authors

Alex D. Rogers

alex.rogers@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Paul A. Tyler

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Douglas P. Connelly

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Jon T. Copley

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Rachael James

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Robert D. Larter

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Katrin Linse

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Rachel A. Mills

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Alfredo Naveira Garabato

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Richard D. Pancost

Affiliation School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

David A. Pearce

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nicholas V. C. Polunin

Affiliation School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Christopher R. German

Affiliation Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Timothy Shank

Affiliation Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Philipp H. Boersch-Supan

Affiliations Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Scottish Oceans Institute, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, United Kingdom

Belinda J. Alker

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Alfred Aquilina

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Sarah A. Bennett

Address Current address: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Andrew Clarke

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Robert J. J. Dinley

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Alastair G. C. Graham

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Darryl R. H. Green

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Jeffrey A. Hawkes

Affiliations Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom, Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Laura Hepburn

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Ana Hilario

Affiliation Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar, Departmento Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal

Veerle A. I. Huvenne

Affiliation Natural Environment Research Council, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Leigh Marsh

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Eva Ramirez-Llodra

Affiliation Institut de Ciències del Mar, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Barcelona, Spain

William D. K. Reid

Affiliation School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Christopher N. Roterman

Affiliations Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Christopher J. Sweeting

Affiliation School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Sven Thatje

Affiliation Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Katrin Zwirglmaier

Affiliation British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: NERC consortium PI(PAT); (NERC consortium CoPIs (ADR, JTC, DPC, ANG, RJ, KL, RDL, RAM, RDP, NVCP); JCR224 and JC42 cruise PSOs (RDL, ADR); JCR224 participants (SAB, DPC, JTC, AGCG, AH, ADR, ER-L, PAT); JC42 participants (BA, AA, AC, DPC, JTC, RJJD, AGCG, DG, CRG, JH, LH, VAIH, RJ, KL, LM, WDKR, CNR, CJS, ST, KZ); multivariate analyses PHBS; DAP. Performed the experiments: NERC consortium PI(PAT); (NERC consortium CoPIs (ADR, JTC, DPC, ANG, RJ, KL, RDL, RAM, RDP, NVCP); JCR224 and JC42 cruise PSOs (RDL, ADR); JCR224 participants (SAB, DPC, JTC, AGCG, AH, ADR, ER-L, PAT); JC42 participants (BA, AA, AC, DPC, JTC, RJJD, AGCG, DG, CRG, JH, LH, VAIH, RJ, KL, LM, WDKR, CNR, CJS, ST, KZ); DAP. Analyzed the data: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, CNR, DRHG, PHBS, BA, CRG, KZ, TS, DAP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, CNR, DRHG, BA, CRG, TS, RAM, RJ, VAIH, AGCG, LM. Wrote the paper: ADR, PAT, JTC, DPC, KL, RDL, TS, PHBS. Prepared the figures: VAIH, AGCG, LM, ADR, PHBS, PAT.