About the Authors

Simon A. Babayan

s.babayan@ed.ac.uk

Affiliations Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Andrew F. Read

Affiliations Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Rachel A. Lawrence

Affiliation Royal Veterinary College, University of London, London, United Kingdom

Odile Bain

Affiliation USM 307, Parasitologie comparée et Modèles expérimentaux, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Judith E. Allen

Affiliations Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Institute of Immunology and Infection Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: SAB JEA. Performed the experiments: SAB. Analyzed the data: SAB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AFR RAL OB JEA. Wrote the paper: SAB AFR JEA.