About the Authors

James J. Collins III

Affiliations Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Xiaowen Hou

Affiliation Center for Biophysics and Computational Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Elena V. Romanova

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Bramwell G. Lambrus

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Claire M. Miller

Affiliation Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Amir Saberi

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Jonathan V. Sweedler

Affiliations Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Phillip A. Newmark

pnewmark@life.illinois.edu

Affiliations Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America, Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: JJC EVR JVS PAN. Performed the experiments: JJC XH EVR BGL CMM AS. Analyzed the data: JJC XH EVR BGL CMM AS JVS PAN. Wrote the paper: JJC PAN.