About the Authors

Emily S. Sena, Malcolm R. Macleod
Centre for Clinical Brain Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Emily S. Sena, David W. Howells
National Stroke Research Institute, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Emily S. Sena, David W. Howells
Department of Medicine, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

H. Bart van der Worp
Department of Neurology, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, University Medical Center, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Philip M. W. Bath
Stroke Trials Unit, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England, United Kingdom

Malcolm R. Macleod
Department of Neurology, NHS Forth Valley, Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

malcolm.macleod@ed.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: ESS HBvdW PMWB DWH MRM. Performed the experiments: ESS. Analyzed the data: ESS MRM. Wrote the paper: ESS HBvdW PMWB DWH MRM. Provided data from systematic reviews: ESS HBvdW PMWB DWH. Provided data from systematic reviews and contributed to the design of the study: MRM.