About the Authors

Jian Liu

Current address: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Yidi Sun

Contributed equally to this work with: Yidi Sun

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

David G. Drubin

drubin@berkeley.edu (DGD); goster@nature.berkeley.edu (GFO)

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

George F. Oster

drubin@berkeley.edu (DGD); goster@nature.berkeley.edu (GFO)

Affiliation Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

The author(s) have made the following declarations about their contributions: Conceived and designed the experiments: JL YS GFO DGD. Performed the experiments: JL YS. Analyzed the data: JL YS GFO DGD. Wrote the paper: JL YS GFO DGD. Contributed to the development of the theoretical models: JL YS GFO DGD.