About the Authors

Jeffrey L Gauthier, Greg D Field, Martin Greschner, Jonathon Shlens, E. J Chichilnisky
Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Alexander Sher, Alan M Litke
Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, United States of America

Jonathon Shlens
University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

gauthier@salk.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JLG, GDF, AS, MG, JS, and EJC designed and carried out the neurophysiological experiments. JLG performed the data analysis and wrote the paper with EJC. AS and AML designed, implemented, and maintained the custom recording system. JLG, GDF, AS, MG, JS, AML, and EJC discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.