About the Authors

Ju Lu

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Juan Carlos Tapia

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Olivia L White

Affiliation Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jeff W Lichtman

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jeff@mcb.harvard.edu

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JL and JWL conceived and designed the experiments. JL and JCT performed the experiments. JL, JCT, and OLW analyzed the data. JL contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. JL and JWL wrote the paper.