About the Authors

Ruth Hershberg, Mikhail Lipatov, Dmitri A Petrov, Marcus W Feldman
Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Peter M Small, Hadar Sheffer, Sebastien Gagneux
Institute for Systems Biology, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Peter M Small
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Stefan Niemann, Susanne Homolka
Forschungszentrum Borstel, National Reference Center for Mycobacteria, Borstel, Germany

Jared C Roach
Seattle Children's Hospital Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Kristin Kremer
Mycobacteria Reference Unit (CIb-LIS), National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Sebastien Gagneux
MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

gagneux@nimr.mrc.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

RH, ML, PMS, DAP, MWF, and SG conceived and designed the experiments. RH, ML, HS, SH, and SG performed the experiments. RH, ML, SN, SH, JCR, and SG analyzed the data. PMS, SN, KK, and SG contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. RH, ML, PMS, DAP, MWF, and SG wrote the paper.