About the Authors

LiMei Wang

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

Jennifer J Rahn

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

XueQing Lun

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

Beichen Sun

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

John J. P Kelly

Affiliations Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary, Canada

Samuel Weiss

Affiliations Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary, Canada

Stephen M Robbins

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

Peter A Forsyth

Contributed equally to this work with: Peter A Forsyth, Donna L Senger

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pforsyth@ucalgary.ca (PAF); senger@ucalgary.ca (DLS)

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada , Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Donna L Senger

Contributed equally to this work with: Peter A Forsyth, Donna L Senger

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: pforsyth@ucalgary.ca (PAF); senger@ucalgary.ca (DLS)

Affiliations Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, and Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Canada , Clark H. Smith Brain Tumor Center and Southern Alberta Cancer Research Institute, Calgary, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JJR, XL, SMR, PAF, and DLS conceived and designed the experiments. LW, JJR, XL, BS, and JJPK performed the experiments. LW, SMR, PAF, and DLS analyzed the data. JJPK and SW contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. LW, SMR, and DLS wrote the paper.