About the Authors

Sheri L Simmons, Genevieve DiBartolo, Vincent J Denef, Daniela S. Aliaga Goltsman, Jillian F Banfield
Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Michael P Thelen
Chemistry Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States of America

Corresponding Author

jbanfield@berkeley.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

SLS and JFB conceived and designed the experiments. SLS, GD, VJD, and JFB performed the experiments. SLS, GD, VJD, DSAG, and JFB analyzed the data. MPT contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. SLS, VJD, and JFB wrote the paper.