About the Authors

Karolina Malecek

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Victor Lee

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Wendy Feng

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Jing Li Huang

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Martin F Flajnik

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Yuko Ohta

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Ellen Hsu

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: hsue@hscbklyn.edu

Affiliation Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KM and EH conceived and designed the experiments. KM, VL, WF, and YO performed the experiments. KM and EH analyzed the data. KM, VL, JLH, MFF, and YO contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. EH wrote the paper.