About the Authors

Katsuya Tanabe

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Zhonghao Liu

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Satish Patel

Affiliation Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Bradley W Doble

Affiliation Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Lin Li

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Corentin Cras-Méneur

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Sara C Martinez

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Cris M Welling

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Morris F White

Affiliation Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ernesto Bernal-Mizrachi

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

James R Woodgett

Affiliation Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

M. Alan Permutt

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: apermutt@im.wustl.edu

Affiliation Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KT conceived, designed, and performed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. ZL and SCM performed experiments and analyzed data. SP and BWD performed experiments and contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. LL and CMW performed experiments. CCM conceived and designed the experiments and wrote the paper. MFW and JRW contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. EBM conceived and designed the experiments. MAP conceived, designed, and analyzed the data, and supervised the writing of the paper.