About the Authors

Xaq Pitkow

Address ¤ Current address: Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Affiliation Program in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Haim Sompolinsky

Affiliations Racah Institute of Physics and Center for Neural Computation, Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Markus Meister

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: meister@fas.harvard.edu

Affiliations Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

XP, HS, and MM conceived and designed the experiments, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. XP performed the experiments.