About the Authors

Wei Cao

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: wcao@mdacc.tmc.edu (WC); yjliu@mdacc.tmc.edu (YJL).

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Li Zhang

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics and Applied Mathematics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

David B Rosen

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America , Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America , Cancer Research Institute, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Laura Bover

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Gokuran Watanabe

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Musheng Bao

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Lewis L Lanier

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America , Biomedical Sciences Graduate Program, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America , Cancer Research Institute, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Yong-Jun Liu

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: wcao@mdacc.tmc.edu (WC); yjliu@mdacc.tmc.edu (YJL).

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

WC conceived, designed, and performed the experiments. LZ analyzed the data. DRB and GW performed some experiments. LB and MB prepared reagents. WC, LLL, and YJL had extensive scientific discussion for this study and wrote the paper.