About the Authors

Takehito Yoshida

¤ Current address: Department of General Systems Studies, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Stephen P Ellner

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Laura E Jones

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Brendan J. M Bohannan

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, United States of America

Richard E Lenski

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Nelson G Hairston Jr.

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ngh1@cornell.edu

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

TY, SPE, LEJ, and NGH Jr. conceived of and designed the study of rotifer-algal chemostats, and TY carried out the experiments. BJMB and REL conceived of and designed the study of the phage-bacterial chemostats, and BJMB carried out the experiments. LEJ and SPE developed and analyzed the theoretical results. All authors contributed to writing the paper.