About the Authors

Maria Neimark Geffen

Address Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America

Affiliations Program in Biophysics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Saskia E. J de Vries

Address Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Program in Neuroscience, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Markus Meister

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: meister@fas.harvard.edu

Affiliations Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America , Program in Neuroscience, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MNG, SEJdV, and MM conceived and designed the experiments. MNG and SEJdV performed the experiments. MNG, SEJdV, and MM analyzed the data. MNG and MM wrote the paper.