About the Authors

Hurng-Yi Wang, Huan-Chieh Chien, C.-K. James Shen
Institute of Molecular Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

Hurng-Yi Wang, Chung-I Wu
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Naoki Osada
Division of Biomedical Research Resources, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, Osaka, Japan

Katsuyuki Hashimoto
Division of Genetic Resources, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan

Sumio Sugano
Laboratory of Functional Genomics, Department of Medical Genome Sciences, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Takashi Gojobori
Center of Information Biology, National Institute of Genetics, Mishima, Japan

Chen-Kung Chou
Department of Life Science, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan

Shih-Feng Tsai
Division of Molecular and Genomic Medicine, National Health Research Institute, Miaoli, Taiwan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

KH, CKC, SFT,CIW, and CKJS conceived and designed the experiments. HYW, HCC, and NO performed the experiments. HYW, HCC, NO, and CKJS analyzed the data. KH, SS, TG, CKC, and SFT contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. HYW, CIW, and CKJS wrote the paper.