About the Authors

Jan A van Gils

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: j.vangils@nioo.knaw.nl

Address ¤ Current address: Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Centre for Limnology, Nieuwersluis, The Netherlands, and School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Affiliations Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands , Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

Theunis Piersma

Affiliations Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands , Animal Ecology Group, Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Studies, University of Groningen, Haren, The Netherlands

Anne Dekinga

Affiliation Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

Bernard Spaans

Affiliation Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

Casper Kraan

Affiliation Department of Marine Ecology and Evolution, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Texel, The Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JvG, TP, AD, BS, and CK conceived and designed the experiments. JvG, TP, AD, BS, and CK performed the experiments. JvG and BS analyzed the data. JvG and TP wrote the paper.