About the Authors

Takahiro Hosokawa, Yoshitomo Kikuchi, Takema Fukatsu
Institute for Biological Resources and Functions, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan

Takahiro Hosokawa, Masakazu Shimada
Department of Systems Sciences, University of Tokyo, Meguro, Tokyo, Japan

Yoshitomo Kikuchi
Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

Naruo Nikoh
Division of Natural Sciences, University of the Air, Chiba, Japan

Corresponding Author


Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

TH, YK, and TF conceived and designed the experiments. TH, YK, and NN performed the experiments and analyzed the data. MS and TF contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. TH and TF wrote the paper.