About the Authors

Manu Forero

Affiliation Department of Materials, Laboratory for Biologically Oriented Materials, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Olga Yakovenko

Affiliation Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Evgeni V Sokurenko

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Wendy E Thomas

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: wendyt@u.washington.edu (WET); viola.vogel@mat.ethz.ch (VV)

Affiliation Department of Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Viola Vogel

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: wendyt@u.washington.edu (WET); viola.vogel@mat.ethz.ch (VV)

Affiliation Department of Materials, Laboratory for Biologically Oriented Materials, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MF, EVS, WET, and VV conceived and designed the experiments. OY performed the flow chamber experiments, and MF performed all other experiments. MF, WET, and VV analyzed the data. EVS and VV contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. MF, EVS, WET, and VV wrote the paper.